Sydney, 15 May 1831, of the first steamship to come to Australia
P.S. SOPHIA JANE - from a
painting by Dickson Gregory
See also Photogallery at http://www.findboatpics.com.au
for images of most of the steamships listed below
II. STEAM: From 1850s to 1914
RETURN TO I. SAIL.
INDEX - ABBREVIATIONS - SOURCES (INTERNET)
Click on: INDEX OF STEAMSHIP NAMES FOR
KEY TO SHIPPING LINE
INDEX OF SHIP NAMES
A – B – C - D –
E&F – G - H&I – J&K – L&M –
– O – P&Q – R – S –T -U&V – W – XY&Z
INDEX OF SHIPPING LINES FOR SHIP AND PICTURE
Key to Shipping Company Lists
AA - Anglo-Australasian Steam Navigation Co
AR - Australian Royal Mail Steam Navigation Co.
AU - Australind Steam Navigation Co. Ltd
AW - Aberdeen White Star
BA - Blue Anchor Line Ltd.
BF - Blue Funnel Line
BI - British India Associated Steamers Ltd
CN - China Navigation Company
CO - James P Corry & Co.
CU - Currie Line of Melbourne
EA - Eastern & Australian Mail Steamship Co. Ltd
EU - European & Australian Royal MaiI Co. Ltd.
FE – Federal Steam Navigation Co.
GS - General Screw Steam Shipping Co Ltd
LA - Liverpool & Australian Navigation Co
MM - Messsageries Maritimes
ND - NorddeutscherLloyd
NZ - New Zealand Shipping Co.
OR - Orient Steam Navigation Co.
OS – Oceanic Steamship Co. (Spreckels Line)
PO1 - Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co. (1852-78)
PO2 - Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co. (From 1879)
RO - C T B Royden & Co.
SL - Australia-Sloman Line A.G.
SS - Shaw, Savill & Albion
TY - Tyser Line
UN - Union Steamship Co. of New Zealand
WG - Money Wigram & Sons
WM – A. Watts, Milburn & Co.
WS - White Star Line (Oceanic Steam Navigation Co.)
Key to Other Lists
ES - Early Steamships and their Dates of Arrival in Sydney
W1 - World War I: First and Second Convoys from Australia
and New Zealand,
and other Ships Requisitioned
S.S. CHUSAN - the first P&O arrival (3 August 1852) in Sydney.
From a painting by Dickson
Gregory in "Australian Steamships
Past and Present"
ABBREVIATIONS AND OTHER
DESCRIPTION OF STEAMSHIPS
Ship details for Steamships follow a similar order as with the
vessels above. The principal differences are in their
propulsion whether by screw or paddlewheels, and
for steam auxiliaries, their sailing rig. Further, and to assist
identification the number of funnels and masts. Thus ship
set out as follows:
1. Hull Construction: i - Iron, st - Steel;
2. Mode of Propulsion:
scs - single screw steamer,
twscs - twin screw steamer,
- triple screw steamer
3. Number of funnels: If, 2f, etc.
4. Number of
masts and rig: the early steamships carried yards
and their Rigs follow sailing vessel descriptions:
s - ship (3 masts with yards for square sails);
barque (3masts, two with yards for square sails) ;
bkn - barquentine (3masts, only one with yards for square sails);
bg - brig (2 masts with yards for square sails); and
bgn - brigantine (2 masts, one with yards for suare sails).
early steamships were ship (s) or barque (bk) rigged.
As the reliability of the
steamships moved to reduced barquentine (bkn) and brigantine
rigs. Those steamships without yards have the number
of masts recorded as 2m, 3m or more as the case may be.
5. Tonnage: as described in SAIL. Tonnage is a measurement of
space with one ton equal to one hundred cubic feet. Gross
is used where
available. Where only tons (t) is
given this is registered tons but can be either 'gross' or 'net' tons
(after machinery space, crews quarters and other non-commercially
usable space is subtracted from gross tonnage Displacement
used for warships)
- the weight of a vessel in
long tons (1 long ton = 2,2401bs) is
avoided wherever possible,
as is Tons Burden or Burthen - the weight of
a vessel in long
tons when fully loaded.
6 Year of construction. Sometimes, the year a ship was launched
rather than the year of completion is given. For most vessels
completion was in the same year as launch. But this can be a
source of ambiguity as the year of construction is as important
for the identification of a vessel as its place of construction.
S..S. ORIENT - A lithograph after T.G. Duttton illustrated in Charles F. Morris'
"Origins, Orient and Oriana"
SOURCES OF STEAMSHIP PICTURES:
A. THE INTERNET
AUSTRALIA - provides access to
the picture collections
all national and
state libraries and museums, including,
Australian War Memorial and National Archives of Australia.
Australian National Maritime
Museum, Sydney -
Australian War Memorial, Canberra -
Museum fur Hamburgische
Geschichte, Hamburg -
Merseyside Maritime Museum,
National Archives of Australia,
nla - National Library of
Australia, Canberra -
nlnz - National
Library of New Zealand,
Auckland - Vol.II, 1890-1900
National Maritime Museum,
Peabody Essex Museum,, Salem,
State Library of New South Wales,
State Library of Queensland,
State Library of South Australia,
State Library of Tasmania, Hobart
State Library of Victoria,
Australian National Maritime Museum Library's ShipsPicture Index
(of pictures in books) - http:// www.anmm.gov.au/LIB/keybks.htm
Messageries Maritimes Fleet 1871- 1918 :
Shaw Savill Fleet
The Ships List
B. BOOKS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS
(a) Illustrated Newspaper PeriodicalsVol. III, 1900-1914
Illustrated London News (1842 -1891
Illustrated Sydney News (1853-1889)
Australian Sketcher (1873-1889)
Vaughan Evans compiled indices of illustrations(including ships)
of Australian and New Zealand interest in each of these publications.
His indices includes close to one hundred illustrations of steamships
starting with the launch of the 'Great Britain' in 1843 to the P&O's
(II) in 1892. These indices are also available on the
Australian National Maritime Museum website at: Vol.II, 1890-1900
Captain H. Parker and Frank C. Bowen's
"Mail and Passenger Ships of the Nineteenth
Century - The Macpherson Collection with
Iconographical and Historical Notes"
(J.B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia 1928)
Dickson Gregory's "Australian Steamships Past
and Present" (The Richards Press Ltd., London 1928)
Clas Broder Hansen's "Passenger Liners from
Germany 1816-1990" (Schiffer Publishing Ltd.,
Arnold Kludas' "Die Geschichte Der Deutsche
Passagier-Schiffahrt" (Weltbild Verlag,Augsburg 1994):
Vol. I, 1850-1890
Vol. III, 1900-1914
John M. Maber's "North Star to Southern Cross"
(T.Stephenson & Sons, Prescot, Lancs 1967)
Peter Plowman's "Passenger Ships of Australia
& New Zealand", Vol. 1 1876-1912, and Vol. 2
1913-1980 (Doublday, Sydney1981)
Peter Plowman's "Across the Sea to War
- Australian and New Zealand
Troop Convoys from 1865 through two World
Wars to Korea and Vietnam" (Rosenberg
Publishing Pty Ltd., Dural, N.S.W. 2003)
B. Fleet Volumes
Edwin Drechsel's "Norddeutscher Lloyd, Bremen:
1857 - 1970", Vol One (Cordillera Publishing
Company, Vancouver 1994)
Ian Farquhar's "Union Fleet" (World Ship & Marine ..
Society (Inc.) Wellington 2001 edition)
Ian Farquhar's "The Tyser Legacy: A History of the
Port Line and its associated companies" (New
Zealand Ship & Marine Society, Wellington 2006)
Commandant Lanfant's "Historique de La Flotte
Des Messageries Maritimes 1851-1975"
(Edition GRAFIC PHOTO Dunkerque 1979)
W.A. Laxon with I.J. Farquhar and N.J. Kirby based on
the draft by the late F.W. Perry "Crossed Flags: The
Histories of the New Zealand Shipping Company
Limited and the Federal Steam Navigation Company
Limited and their subsidiaries" (World Ship Society,
W.A. Laxon & F.W. Perry's "B.I.: The British India
Steam Navigation Company Limited" (World Ship
Society, Kendal, England 1994)
Nigel McCart's "Passenger Ships of the Orient Line"
(Patrick Stephens Ltd., Wellingborough,
Charles F. Morris' "Origins, Orient and Oriana"
(Toredo Books Ltd.,
Brighton, Sussex 1980)
Peter Newall's "Orient Line : AFleet History"
(Ships in Focus Pulications, U.K., 2004)
William Olson's "Lion of the China Seas"
(P & O Australia Ltd., Sydney
Steven Rabson & Kevin O'Donoghue's "P&O
- A Fleet History" (World Ship Society,
Ernst Hieke's "Rob. M. Sloman Jr".
(Verlag Hanseatischer Merkur, Hamburg 1968)
Will Lawson's "Pacific Steamers"
(Brown, Son & Ferguson Ltd, Glasgow 1937)
E. Mowbray Tate's "Transpacific Steam'
(Cornwall Books, Cranbury, New Jersey 1986)
R.A. Fletcher's "Steam Ships And Their Story"
(Sidgwick & Jackson, Ltd., London 1910
D. House Flags
James Griffin's "Flags National and Mercantile", 2nd edition,
(Griffin & Co., Portsmouth 1891)
Basil Lubbock's "Colonial Clippers"
(Brown, Son & Ferguson, Ltd., Glasgow 1924)
Captain F.J.N."Wedge's "Brown's Flags and Funnels of
British and Foreign Steamship Companies", 4th edition
(Brown, Son & Ferguson, Ltd., Glasgow 1940)
Internet : http://flagspot.net/flags/
. HAIL AND FAREWELL - Painting by J. Spurling illustrated in L. Cope Cornford's
"A Century of Sea Trading 1824-1924: The General
Steam Navigation Co. Ltd."
(A.C. Black Ltd., London 1924)
CONTACT BY EMAIL: roy@findboatpics